Lehrstuhl Religionswissenschaft I

Prof. Dr. Ulrich Berner
Sie sind hier:  Religionswiss. I / Forschung / Aktuelle Projekte / Tradition and Innovat...

Tradition and Innovation. The Economy of Sacred Space in Durban, South Africa

Projektleitung

Prof. Dr. Ulrich Berner

Projektbeschreibung

Siehe 1. Projektphase

 

2. Projektphase:

Akteure im religiösen Markt versuchen Marktsegmente zu besetzen oder ihre Konkurrenten aus Marktnischen zu verdrängen, während die Spieler des religiösen Feldes um Positionen im Feld konkurrieren. Beide theoretischen Rahmen der ersten Projektphase bedienen sich räumlicher Metaphern. Die Fortsetzung schärft den methodologischen Fokus durch gemeinsame Forschung an einem Ort, und führt das Raumkonzept als explizites analytisches Werkzeug ein, wobei davon ausgegangen wird, dass es sich bei sakralem Raum um sozial produzierten Raum handelt (Lefebvre 1991, 2000). Räumliche Praktiken (espaces perçus) wie Rituale trennen sakralen von säkularem Raum. Die so geschaffenen heiligen Orte stehen als repräsentative Räume (espaces vécus) für ihre religiöse Gruppierung und strukturieren den säkularen Raum. Diese gegenläufigen oder übereinstimmenden sakralen und säkularen Landschaften bilden die Repräsentationen von Raum (espaces conçus), sowohl innerhalb der Stadt Durban als auch in den darüber hinausgehenden transnationalen Sphären der Migrantenreligionen. Mit dem Begriff der Ökonomie des sakralen Raums betont das Projekt Konkurrenz als Aspekt der sozialen Produktion von Raum. In Fortführung der ersten Phase werden historische Prozesse betont, sowie die Rolle von Tradition und Innovation im religiösen Markt oder Feld diskutiert. Rituale produzieren sowohl räumliche wie auch zeitliche Strukturen. Das Projekt analysiert, inwieweit sakraler Raum und sakrale Zeit als contra-hegemoniale Strukturen betrachtet werden können (heterotopias – Foucault 2008). Dieser Ansatz scheint insbesondere für Südafrika vielversprechend, da dort der Apartheidstaat soziale Kontrolle primär über die Strukturierung von Raum und Zeit, über saisonale Arbeitsmigration, homelands, und townships durchgesetzt hat.

 

2. Project phase:

Agents in the religious market try to occupy market segments or oust their competitors from market niches while players on the religious field compete for positions within. Both theoretical frames of the first project phase use spatial metaphors. The continuation of the project defines the methodological focus more clearly by joint research in one place, and introduces the spatial concept as an explicit tool of analysis; whereby sacred space is conceived as socially produced space (Lefebvre 1991, 2000). Spatial practices (espaces perçus) such as rituals separate sacred from secular space. Holy spaces that were created in this manner signify representational spaces (espaces vécus) for their religious groups and structure the secular space accordingly. These opposing or corresponding sacred and secular landscapes form the representations of space (espaces conçus) in the city of Durban and beyond in transnational spheres of migrant religions. By the concept of the economy of sacred space this project emphasizes competition as an aspect of the social production of space. In the continuation of the first phase historical processes are emphasized and the role of tradition and innovation in the religious market or field are discussed. Rituals produce spatial as well as temporal structures. This project analyses in how far sacred space and sacred time can be considered as contra-hegemonial structures (heterotopias – Foucault 2008). This approach appears to be promising especially in South Africa since the state under Apartheid enforced social control specifically by structures of space and time, e.g. seasonal labor migration, homelands and townships.

 

Staff and projects:

Ulrich Berner’s contribution to the project has been concerned with the historical background that has to be taken into consideration when reflecting upon the emergence of the Zulu Zionist Churches in the early 20th century. His special interest is the work and legacy of the first Anglican Bishop of Natal, John William Colenso (1814-1883) who ran into conflict, first, with the Anglican Church hierarchy, and, second, with the British Colonial government. Although being excommunicated on theological grounds, Bishop Colenso could maintain his position on legal grounds and continue fighting for the rights of the Zulu people. Thus he was still remembered positively by Zulu intellectuals in the early 20th century, as, for instance, by Magema Fuze, author of the first African History in Zulu.

Asonzeh Ukah’s on-going research in Durban focuses on migrant religious communities, particularly Nigerian and Congolese nationals, and the conception and construction of sacred spaces and their inter-relationships with social, economic and political factors. Ukah’s research in South Africa started in 2007 and stretched till 2009 when he pioneered the mapping out of Nigerian- founded and –led religious organizations in Johannesburg and the neighbouring city of Boksburg Although religion is an important variable in understanding on-going transformations in post- apartheid ecology, migrant-founded religious organisations are frequently ignored in sociological attempts to evaluate their influences and roles in migrant assimilation or adaptation. The present research points to migrant-induced revitalisation and restructuring of the religious landscape of Durban through their irrepressible, and now almost unavoidable, proliferation of ritual and worship places. The research proposes to analyse new or emergent forms of ritual space and its dynamics paying critical attention to textual (audio, visual, written or oral) and spatial dimensions of ritual in an ever-changing urban landscape. It is hoped that a nuanced attention to text and space would provide an in-depth understanding of urban religious dynamics.

Projektbeginn

04/2011

Projektende

03/2012

Weitere Beteiligte

Dr. phil. Magnus Echtler, Dr. phil. Asonzeh Ukah

Projektfinanzierung

DFG

letzte Änderung: 12.04.2013 14:35 · drucker Diese Seite drucken · Impressum / Haftungsausschluss